Refraction Education : NRMA Car Safety (Years 9-10)
23 THE ROAD SAFETY TOTAL LEARNING RESOURCE • YEARS 9–10 EXPLAIN – ARTICLE 1 Speed (km/h) Speed increase above 60 km/h speed limit Increase in kinetic energy Increased risk of hospitalisation or death 65 +8% + 17% X2 70 + 17% + 36% X4 75 + 25% + 56% X8 How dangerous is speeding? *from Kloeden CN, Ponte G & McLean AJ, Department of Transport and Regional Services Australian Transport Safety Bureau, 2001. Crumple zone Seatbelt Crumple zone Airbags Anti-lock brake system (ABS) Side-impact bar Windscreen of laminated glass Car safety features Over the years, clever engineering has dramatically reduced the number of injuries and deaths, by developing safety features that absorb the energy of the crash in a controlled way and decrease the forces acting on the passengers.
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