Refraction Education : NRMA Driver Safety (Years 11-12)
35 THE EARLY DRIVER TOTAL LEARNING RESOURCE • YEARS 11–12 EXPLAIN – ARTICLE 3 LICENCE RESTRICTIONS Special licence conditions apply for learner drivers within NSW. The conditions and restrictions that apply to learner or provisional licence holders do not change when they travel outside NSW. Here are some hints and tips to get you started. Watch your speed • Learner and provisional P1 and P2 drivers must not drive faster than 90 km/h • A driver doing 65 km/h in a 60 km/h zone doubles their risk of crashing; doing 75 km/h in a 60 km/h zone increases the risk of crashing by 11 times • Learner and P1 and P2 drivers penalised for speeding (four demerit points) will lose their licence for at least three months Avoid mobile phones Learner and P1 licence holders must not use any function of a mobile phone while driving or while the vehicle’s ignition is switched on. This includes phones in the hands-free mode, with the loud speaker operating or sending text messages. The law encourages young drivers to concentrate on developing their vehicle control and hazard-perception skills. Studies have found that using a mobile phone while driving is dangerous as it slows reaction times and interferes with a driver ’s perception skills and increases the chance of having a crash. Once you have a full licence, you will need to understand mobile phone laws. For information visit: roadsafety.transport.nsw.gov.au/stayingsafe/ mobilephones/index.html Zero blood alcohol NSW has three blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits: zero, under 0.02 and under 0.05. Your BAC measures the amount of alcohol you have in your system in grams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood. All learner and provisional drivers must have a zero blood alcohol limit – completely alcohol-free while driving. This doesn’t stop you from having fun, it just means you can’t drive or ride after drinking any alcohol. And remember – If you drink alcohol on a big night out, you may still be over the zero limit the next day. Also remember to check product labels for alcohol content. Some medicines, mouthwashes and food may contain alcohol. You should check labels for alcohol content (sometimes called ethanol). All products containing alcohol can affect your BAC so if you are going to drive, avoid these products. Fatigue Being awake for 17 hours has a similar effect on performance as a blood alcohol content of 0.05 – drivers in these conditions are twice as likely to have a crash. For more information on driver fatigue visit: www.rms .nsw.gov.au/geared/your_driving_skills/ staying_safe/test_your_tired_eyes.html Seatbelts Learner, P1 and P2 drivers can only drive a vehicle that has a seatbelt fitted to the driver ’s seat. You cannot carry more passengers than there are passenger seatbelts fitted to the vehicle, and all occupants must wear the seatbelts correctly when travelling. Vehicle types There are restrictions on the types of vehicles you are permitted to drive. For more information about banned cars and approved vehicles visit: www.rms.nsw.gov.au/ geared/your_car/buying/p1_p2_prohibited_vehicles. html. For more information on licence conditions, including information on passenger limits, towing and automatic vehicles, visit: www.roadsafety.transport.nsw.gov.au/ stayingsafe/drivers/youngdrivers/licenceconditions.html For more information and a summary of the major restrictions for each licence type visit: www.nrmasaferdriving.com.au/licence-restrictions.htm Sources: roadsafety.transport.nsw.gov.au/stayingsafe/ alcoholdrugs/drinkdriving/bac/index.html www.drinkwise.org.au/drinking-and-you/is-there-such- a-thing-as-safe-drink-driving/# “ IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU ARE AWARE OF YOUR DRIVING RESTRICTIONS SO YOU DON’T GET FINED OR LOSE YOUR LICENCE.
Crystallography Curiosity Files